Architecting the Future of 5G Transportation for a Better Life and a Safer World

Kids sit in the back of a minivan after their soccer game.

Cruising through my neighborhood the other day it really began to dawn on me what Intel CEO Brian Krzanich means when he says that cars are the next smartphones. As a minivan full of kids whizzed past me on the way to soccer camp I noticed that everyone inside, young and old, was on a smartphone generating data. I chuckled to myself as I sipped my morning cup of joe, wondering just how much data those kids were burning through.

Incredible amounts of data generation will change the lives of every one of those young soccer players by the year 2020, when Krzanich says humans are projected to generate 1.5 gigabytes of data a day through social posting and other forms of human-to-human communication. That’s little more than a light tap to the data center though compared to the powerful punt of 1Gbps connected cars are slated to generate. Our current 4G infrastructure just isn’t capable of successfully managing that level of data processing. That’s where fifth generation technology, or 5G, comes into the picture.


Why 5G is so Fly

A couple of road trip buddies stroll up to their autonomous vehicle, with Intel IoT as the best road trip copilot ever.

As a technologist working in the connected vehicle space, I’m seeing automakers—from BMW to Jaguar Land Rover—gearing up their vehicles with thousands of sensors, pulling data related to everything from vehicle location and external road conditions to brake usage and tire pressure. It’s 5G that will wirelessly transport secure sensor telemetry data back to the data center for improved performance down the road.

As mobile data traffic surges, connected vehicles will be among the billions (yes, billions) of connected devices competing for network bandwidth. To confidently deploy new features, connected driving scoring models, secure over-the-air software updates, and entertainment services, transportation providers will seek dedicated network slices with high Quality of Service and reduced end-to-end latency. The good news is that we’re already on the path to making that happen!


Intel’s Role in 5G

An drone image of traffic crossing a bridge.

As the world moves to 5G, Intel is advancing the tech evolution with end-to-end solutions that will integrate intelligence across the network, from the data center to the connected device and throughout systems in between. Intel has established key global partnerships with telecom and automotive leaders, and together we will deliver integrated 5G prototype solutions to ensure network readiness and successful early rollouts.

We are starting with multiple cellular research prototypes and smart city proposals. We’re contributing to Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) to shape new standards, converge protocols, and align with equipment manufacturers. Finally, because 5G will be more pervasive than any previous generation of mobile technology, Intel will draw upon our expertise in end-to-end network security to guard personal data and ensure privacy.


Challenges on the Road to 5G-driven Connected Driving

An autonomous vehicle cruises down the road.

Bringing fully connected vehicles to fruition is requiring several major components. First, in-vehicle computing that provides a high performance per watt. Second, a robust 5G connection that delivers low latency vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications, data-rich services and cloud apps to vehicles, users, and infrastructure. Third, a data center capable of supporting incredibly high amounts of data and memory-intensive deep learning models that continually retrain the vehicle. Fourth, an HMI that builds trust between passenger and vehicle and that is rooted in strong automotive security standards.

Finally, everything must be built upon a foundation of end-to-end security. I’m thrilled to be working for a team that is delving into to create secure experiences that span the vehicle, communications, and the data center.


The Future Looks Bright

A couple dances while their autonomous vehicle plays DJ.

When I wake up each day, I do so  ready to embrace the future that we’re creating together. As we’ve seen, there’s a lot to be excited about. Some of our planet’s greatest minds are collaborating with world-renowned research teams, and employing some of the foremost experts in a broad range of technologies—from vehicle dynamics to semiconductor physics, door locks to data centers—we are preparing the industry for the amazing future of connected transportation. The road ahead has never looked brighter!

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About Prakash Kartha

Market Development, Transportation Solutions Division Internet of Things Group (IOTG) INTEL CORPORATION Prakash Kartha has spent the majority of his career as an automotive marketing leader and technologist. He is currently responsible for driving Intel’s Connected Car strategy into new areas such as 5G Vehicle-to-Everything, In-Vehicle Commerce and Advanced Telematics. He leads Intel’s efforts in the 5G Automotive Association (5GAA) and serves on the Board of Directors. Prior to his current role, Prakash spent four years owning Intel’s automotive market development efforts in Japan and Korea, launching Intel solutions with leading car makers. Before joining Intel in 2011, Prakash spent 11 years with Freescale and Motorola leading global automotive software product and professional services teams. Prakash received a Master of Science degree in Systems Engineering from Virginia Tech and an MBA from the University of Texas at Austin. He has co-authored four patents in embedded automotive technologies. In his free time, Prakash is an avid traveler along with his wife and two sons, enjoys adventure sports, photography, and coaching his sons’ baseball and robotics teams.

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