This is the first in a series of three blogs on trends in next-generation automotive safety and security. To learn more, check out our eBook “The Car of the Future.”
It’s great to be back here on the IoT@Intel blog writing about the opportunities and the challenges of connected and automated vehicle architecture. In the past, I have written about functional safety and security for automated vehicles. One of the conversations that I continue to have is around the hacking of cars. The possible points of entry are many. An Intel Security whitepaper published last year discusses the most hackable areas of modern vehicles. There’s smartphone integration. Keyless entry. Blind spot detection. Every cool new feature in the next-generation car is a double-edged sword that brings with it another potential attack surface and point of connection.
Where digital meets driver, safety is critical. Protecting a vehicle starts with integrating security features during the design and production stages, which is why Intel has already developed some of the most advanced in-vehicle security features on the market. Intel is committed to providing uncompromising security technologies and innovations within the automotive industry aligned to three major areas.
1: Securing In-vehicle Systems
The vehicles of tomorrow may incorporate hundreds of ECUs. This makes assessing the scope of threats an immense job, as just one unprotected attack surface can lead to a serious hack.
The Solution: Intel is working toward greater consolidation, integration, and virtualization of ECUs. But even with consolidation, automotive architectures will continue to grow more complex. That’s why Intel is continuing to invest in artificial intelligence, self-adaptation, and, ultimately, self-healing breakthroughs that will significantly increase the level of security in connected and automated vehicles. A range of specific Intel security technologies are available today that can help protect the vehicle’s systems and data.
- Secure boot authenticates firmware components during boot.
- Intel Trusted Execution Engine provides advanced runtime protection at the hardware level.
- Intel Virtualization Technology for Directed I/O helps isolate and restrict execution environments to hardware-partitioned sandboxes, ensuring key safety tasks are prioritized over other functions without interruption.
2: Cloud and Connectivity
The attack surface of a next-generation vehicle extends beyond the car itself. It can include external Wi-Fi and cellular networks, as well as connected infrastructure, such as toll roads, drive-through windows, and gas stations. In addition to protecting the vehicle and networks, transportation providers must also protect data as it moves through the cloud and to the data center.
The Solution: With expertise in network monitoring and enforcement, Intel is working to improve the authenticity and integrity of data transmitted across networks.
- Intel secure storage for key exchange and encryption allows a manufacturer to embed a secure key into the Intel automotive system-on-chip (SoC) to protect against unauthorized software or firmware updates.
- Intel Enhanced Privacy ID allows cars to connect to smart infrastructure without disclosing personally identifiable information.
3: Protecting the Data Center
Intel has strong heritage in enterprise security, which is being hardened and integrated into a complete car-to-cloud solution for Intel GO automotive platforms.
The Solution: Intel is optimizing security technologies forged in the data center to support secure automated driving and connected transportation.
- Intel Advanced Encryption Standard New Instructions (Intel AES-NI) accelerates the encryption of data in the Intel Xeon and Intel Core processor families, keeping data secure from the vehicle to the data center. Intel AES-NI makes pervasive encryption more affordable and feasible in areas where it previously was not.
Driving a Path Toward Automated Solutions
Automation promises to be one of the most significant safety mechanisms the world has ever built. Fueled by successful collaborations with some of the world’s leading automotive brands, we are committed to helping transportation providers map a path forward through participation in organizations like the Future of Automotive Security Technology Research (FASTR). Together, we’re delivering precompetitive technological building blocks such as whitepapers, reference architectures, code samples, workshops best known methods and other resources that automotive manufactures can use across their supply chains. From car to cloud, we are preparing the industry for the amazing future of transportation and truly automated vehicles.
Learn more about the road ahead for automated vehicles by visiting intel.com/automotive. To stay informed about Intel IoT developments, subscribe to our RSS feed for email notifications of blog updates, or visit intel.com/IoT, LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter.